Hepatitis B Facts and Figures
Hepatitis B is a global public health threat and the world’s most common serious liver infection. It is up to 100 times more infectious than the HIV/AIDS virus. It is also the primary cause of liver cancer (also known as hepatocellular carcinoma or HCC), which is the 2nd leading cause of cancer deaths in the world. 820,000 people die each year from hepatitis B and related diseases.
Hepatitis B Around the World
- Two billion people have been infected with the hepatitis B virus (one out of three people).
- 30 million people become newly infected each year.
- Almost 300 million people are chronically infected.
- Less than 10% of infected individuals are diagnosed.
- An estimated 820,000 people die each year from hepatitis B and related complications such as liver cancer.
- Approximately two people die each minute from hepatitis B.
Hepatitis B In the United States
- Up to 2.4 million people are chronically infected.
- Rates of acute hepatitis B infection have risen 50%-450% in states impacted by the opioid crisis.
- Subgroup analyses found that for many countries, CHB rates are higher in males than females and have declined over the past three decades, but no consistent pattern is seen between rates for U.S. immigrants and residents.
- More than 50% of people living with chronic hepatitis B are of Asian, Pacific Islander or African descent. Hepatitis B and the resulting liver cancer are among the largest health disparities for these groups.
- The weighted average CHB prevalence for all foreign-born in the U.S. in 2018 was about 3%. Around 59% of FB with CHB in the U.S. in 2018 emigrated from Asia, 19% from the Americas and 15% from Africa.
- Only 25% of infected individuals are diagnosed.
- Thousands of people die each year from hepatitis B.