Hepatitis B Foundation

 

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Korunma ve Asilanma

Hepatit B nasil bulasir?

Hepatit B rastgele mi bulasir?

Cogunlukla kimler daha cok hepatit B ile enfekte olur?

Eger enfeksiyona yakalanmada “yuksek risk” grubunda isem ne yapmam gerekir?  

Hepatit B asisi guvenli midir?

Hepatit B asisindan enfekte olur muyum?

Hepatit B’den korunmak icin daha baska neler yapabilirim?

Hepatit B nasil bulasir?

Hepatit B bir virusun neden oldugu bulasici bir hastalik olup kan yoluyla bulasir. Asagida hepatit B’nin en yaygin bulasma yollari siralanmistir:

  • Enfekte olmus kan ya da diger vucut sivilari ile dogrudan temas  
  • Enfekte olmus kisiyle korunmasiz seks
  • Ortaklasa ya da tekrar tekrar kullanilan siringalar (ornegin, yasak (illegal) ilaclarin enjeksiyonunda ortak siringa kullanimi, yada tibbi, akupunktur, dovme ve kulak/vucudun delinmesi amaciyla kullanilan siringa ve ignelerin iyice strilize edilmeden tekrar tekrar kullanilmasi)
  • Enfekte olmus anneden bebege hamilelik yada dogum sirasinda bulasma

Hepatit B rastgele bulasir/yayilir mi?

Hayir, hepatit B gundelik yasamda, tesadufen, gelisi guzel bulasmaz ya da yayilmaz.  Hepatit B soludugumuz havadan, kucaklasmaktan, dokunmaktan, hapsurmaktan, oksurmekten, tuvalet klozetlerinden ya da kapi kollarindan bulasmaz.  Hepatit B, virusle enfekte olmus biriyle birlikte yemek yemekten-icmekten, yada onun hazirladigi yiyecekleri yemekten bulasmaz.

Kimlerin hepatit B virusu ile enfekte olma riski yuksektir?

  • Aktif seks cagindaki yetiskinler ve gencler
  • Erkekle seks yapan erkekler
  • Enfekte olmus anneden dogan bebekler
  • Saglikla kurumlarinda calisan personel
  • Acil servis personeli
  • 1992 yilindan once kan nakli yapilan kisiler
  • Enjeksiyonla ilac kullananlar: gecmiste ve şu anda
  • Dovme yaptiran ya da vucut deldiren kisiler
  • Enfekte olmus kisiyle yakin temasta bulunan aile bireyleri ya da ayni evde yasayan ev sakinleri

Eger yuksek riskte grubunda isem, ne yapmam gerekir?  

“Yuksek risk” grubunda olan herkes hepatit B asisi olmalidir. Asi sadece 3 enjeksiyondan ibarettir ve sizi ve sevdiklerinizi hayat boyu hepatit B’den korur! Yetiskinler, doktorlarindan yada bolgelerindeki saglik ocaklarindan, saglik evlerinden asi olmayi her an talep edebilirler. 

Hepatit B asisi guvenlimidir?
 
Evet, hepatit B asisi cok guvenli ve etkilidir. Aslinda bu asi, “kansere karsi ilk asi” sayilmalidir cunku sizi, tum karaciger kanserlerinin yuzde 80‘ninin nedeni olan hepatit B’den koruyacaktir.

Tum dunya’da 1 milyarin ustunde hepatit B asi dozu kullanilmis olmasindan da anlasilacagi gibi, tibbi ve bilimsel calismalar gostermistir ki hepatit B asisi su ana kadar yapilmis en guvenilir asilardan biridir.   

Hepatit B aşisindan enfekte olur muyum?

Hayir, hepatit B aşisi enfeksiyona neden olmaz.  Aşi laboratuarlarda ve bir sentetik maya urunu kullanilarak uretilir (yani hepatit B virusu tasimaz, sadece saflastirilmis yuzey antijeni icerir). En yaygin yan etkisi, aşi yapilan kolda gecici kizariklik ve agridir.

Kendimi hepatit B’den korumak icin daha baska neler yapabilirim?

Hepatit B, enfekte olmus kan ve vucut sivilari yoluyla yayildigi icin, kolaylikla uygulayabilecgeniz  cesitli onlemler asagida siralanmistir:

  • Kan ve diger vucut sivilariyla dogrudan temastan kacinin  
  • Guvenli seks icin prezervatif kullanin
  • Yasal olmayan ilaclari ve receteli ilaclari baska amacla kullanmaktan, enjeksiyonla almak dahil, kesinlikle kacinin 
  • Tras jileti, dis fircasi, kupe, ve tirnak makasi gibi kesici ve kisisel aletleri ortaklasa kullanmaktan kacini
  • Tibbi, akupunktur, dovme ve kulak/vucut deldirmek amaciyla kullanilan siringa ve ignelerin kesinkes steril olmasina ozen gosterin 
  • Kan ve benzeri bulasmalarin temizlerken eldiven giyin ve onceden baska iste kullanilmamis, temiz su ve temiz camasir suyu kullanin
  • Kan bulastirmis yada kan bulasigi temizlemis iseniz, elinizi sabunla ve titizlikle yikayin
  • En onemlisi de, hepatit B aşisi olun!

 

Prevention and Vaccination

How can I get hepatitis B?

Is hepatitis B transmitted casually?

Who is most likely to become infected with hepatitis B?

What should I do if I am in one of the “high risk groups”?

Is the hepatitis B vaccine safe?

Can I catch hepatitis B from the vaccine?

What else can I do to protect myself from hepatitis B?

How can I get hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is an infectious disease caused by a virus that is spread through blood.  Listed below are the most common ways hepatitis B is passed to others:

  • Direct contact with i
  • nfected blood or infected bodily fluids
  • Unprotected sex with
  • an infected partner
  • Shared or re-used needles (for example, sharing needles for illegal drugs or re-using needles that are not properly sterilized for medicine,  acupuncture, tattoos, or ear/body piercing)
  • From an infected mother to her newborn baby during pregnancy or delivery

Is hepatitis B transmitted casually?

No, hepatitis B is not spread through casual contact.  You cannot get hepatitis B from the air, hugging, touching, sneezing, coughing, toilet seats or doorknobs.  You cannot get hepatitis B from eating or drinking with someone who is infected or from eating food prepared by someone who has hepatitis B.

Who is most likely to become infected with hepatitis B

  • Sexually active adults and teenagers
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Infants born to infected mothers
  • Healthcare workers and providers
  • Emergency Personnel
  • Recipients of blood transfusions before 1992
  • Injection drug users, past and present
  • People who get tattoos or body piercing
  • Family or household members living in close contact with an infected person

What should I do if I am in one of the “high risk groups” for contracting hepatitis B?

Anyone who is in a “high risk” group should receive the hepatitis B vaccine.  It only takes 3 shots to protect you and your loved ones against hepatitis B for a lifetime! Adults can obtain the vaccine by asking their doctor or a local health clinic. 

Is the hepatitis B vaccine safe?

Yes, the hepatitis B vaccine is very safe and effective.  In fact, it is the first  “anti-cancer vaccine” because it can protect you from hepatitis B, which is the cause of 80% of all liver cancer in the world. 

With more than one billion doses given throughout the world, medical and scientific studies have shown the hepatitis B vaccine to be one of the safest vaccines ever made.

Can I get hepatitis B from the vaccine?

No, you cannot get hepatitis B from the vaccine.  The vaccine is made from a synthetic yeast product in a laboratory.  The most common side effects are redness and soreness in the arm where the shot is given.

What else can I do to protect myself from hepatitis B?

Since hepatitis B is spread through infected blood and infected body fluids, there are several simple things that you can do to protect yourself from possible infection:

  • Avoid touching blood or any bodily fluids directly
  • Use condoms with sexual partners
  • Avoid illegal drugs and prescription drug misuse, including injection of such drugs
  • Avoid sharing sharp objects such as razors, toothbrushes, earrings, and nail clippers
  • Make sure that sterile needles are used for medicine, acupuncture, tattoos, ear and body piercing
  • Wear gloves and use a fresh solution of bleach and water to clean up blood spills
  • Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after touching or cleaning up blood
  • Most importantly, make sure you receive the hepatitis B vaccine!