Alan Tso医学博士是内科和儿科专科医生。Tso博士是华埠健康诊所副主任。本评论是乙型肝炎 教育宣传活动的一部分，该活动在纽约市由制药公司Glaxo Wellcome Inc.与华人社区组织共同赞助。承蒙左博士特许翻印。
Dr. Tso Talks About Hepatitis B
Feeling Good is No Guarantee of
Thousands of Asians in America of all ages may be victims of
a potentially deadly disease. Chinese, in particular, may be
passing this disease on to their children and not even realize
it simply because they don’t feel ill. There may be serious risks
and consequences to hepatitis B for individuals, families and
If we do not shine a light within our own community on this
potentially devastating disease, hepatitis B will continue to
cause unnecessary illness and death. Unfortunately, many people
do not understand hepatitis B and confuse it for other forms
of hepatitis, like A and C.
For those unfamiliar with this particular disease, hepatitis
B is a disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus.
If not successfully managed, this dangerous infection may lead
to cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) and liver cancer. Unfortunately,
hepatitis B is very common among Chinese and Southeast Asian
populations. Worldwide, 75 percent of all chronic hepatitis B
cases are persons of Asian origin.
As Chinese and other Asians immigrate to the United States,
the incidence of hepatitis B is increasing where it was previously
less common. And in metropolitan areas where large concentrations
of Asians tend to live, like Chinatown, Flushing, and Sunset
Park here in New York City, the high-risk population is growing
In a recent survey among 100 Chinese living in these neighborhoods,
although 74 percent of participants were aware of hepatitis B,
less than half viewed it as the serious, life-threatening disease
that it is nor were they aware of the major modes of transmission.
In the same survey that was conducted in Cantonese and Mandarin,
fewer than one out of five, only 16 percent, of participants
stated that they believed themselves or their immediate family
members to be at risk for contracting the disease.
What is a special cause for concern is that approximately 90
percent of young children and 10 percent of adults who contract
hepatitis B remain infected for life and become long-term carriers
of the virus.
The hepatitis B virus cannot be caught by eating raw seafood
like sashimi or shell fish. It is spread by infected mother to
child usually during a baby’s birth. Hepatitis B can also be
spread by unprotected sexual contact with an infected person;
unsterile instruments that may be used in acupuncture, ear and
body piercing, or tattooing; illicit injection drug use; and
by sharing personal items like toothbrushes or shaving razors
with an infected person.
Around the world, hepatitis B is contracted very differently
by Asians than by Westerners. Westerners more typically contract
the disease during adolescence or as adults. At that stage, their
bodies recognize the hepatitis B virus as something foreign and
they are able to eliminate it before it develops into a long-lasting
infection. This type of hepatitis B is acute, meaning that it
peaks and lasts a short amount of time.
On the other hand, people from such areas of the world as China,
Southeast Asia and parts of Africa are more likely to become
long-term carriers of hepatitis B. In these regions, children
more typically acquire the hepatitis B virus very early in life
either from their infected mothers at birth or in early childhood
from close contact with infected family members. Children’s bodies
accept the virus more readily as a natural part of their system
and therefore will not fight the virus. These early cases often
develop into chronic hepatitis B, which means the virus remains
present in the body for a longer time and therefore, there is
a longer opportunity for it to be spread to others.
Some people believe that if they feel good they are in good
health. This is not necessarily true.
The problem with chronic hepatitis B is that a person who is
infected may not have any symptoms. And although some people
infected with the virus may experience fatigue, nausea, poor
appetite, weight loss or jaundice (yellowing of the eyes or skin),
most people do not have symptoms clearly recognizable as signs
of hepatitis B until the disease becomes advanced.
Even when typical symptoms do become apparent, they are not
always recognized as being caused by the hepatitis B virus. Few
people know that they may be carriers since being tested for
the disease through a blood screening is not common.
Many immigrants, particularly in our Chinese community, do not
fully understand the devastating effects this disease may have
if it is not successfully managed. Therefore, many persons who
are carriers of the hepatitis B virus do not realize it and do
not receive medical attention for their disease. Accordingly,
they may unknowingly expose others to the virus or experience
a worsening of their condition.The best way to know whether or
not you are infected with the hepatitis B virus is to get tested
at a physician’s office. Persons who are tested and are found
not to have hepatitis B can get a vaccination and become protected
against infection. Persons who are infected with the virus should
promptly consult a physician for evaluation and proper management
of their condition. Treatments are available.
We must stop the spread of hepatitis B by working together in
our community to help encourage one another, and particularly
newer immigrants, to get tested. People who do not have hepatitis
B should get vaccinated. People who do test positive should receive
proper medical care. It is not enough to feel good. We must all,
regardless of our age or background, be in good health for as
long as we live.
Alan Tso, M.D., is an Internal Medicine and Pediatrics Specialist.
Dr. Tso is associate medical director of the Chinatown Health
Clinic. This commentary is part of the hepatitis B education
and outreach campaign sponsored in New York City by pharmaceutical
company, Glaxo Wellcome Inc., in association with Chinese community-based
organizations. Reprinted with permission by Dr. Tso.