乙型肝炎疫苗是在化學實驗室中製成。疫苗中未使用人血，因此您不可能通過疫苗患上乙型肝炎。美國有兩種品牌的疫苗﹕Recombivax HB® (Merck)和Engerix B® (SmithKline Beecham)。儘管兩種疫苗幾乎完全相同，醫生可能采用不同的品牌。兩種疫苗均將保護您不被感染乙型肝炎病毒。
Hepatitis B Vaccination
What is the hepatitis B vaccine?
The hepatitis B vaccine is made in a chemistry lab. No human blood is used in the vaccine, so you cannot get hepatitis B from the vaccine.
There are two brands of vaccine in the United States: Recombivax HB (Merck) and Engerix B(GlaxoSmithKline). Although the vaccines are almost identical, doctors may order different brands. Both vaccines will protect you against the hepatitis B virus.
How is the vaccine given?
In general, the hepatitis B vaccine series includes three shots that are given over a six month period. Adults receive shots in their arm, and babies in their leg. After the first dose of vaccine, you will start getting some protection within several weeks. So it's never too late to start. It is very important to complete the entire series of the vaccine. The vaccine can be given in your doctor's office or a local health clinic.
Who should be vaccinated?
All newborn babies should be vaccinated, especially if the mother is of Asian descent or if a woman knows she has hepatitis B. All children up to age 18 years should be vaccinated as well. Most states now require the hepatitis B vaccine for school entry. Many colleges are requiring the vaccine for its students. Although everyone is at some risk, there are some who are at higher risks. This includes all children and adults of Asian descent. Hepatitis B can be easily prevented through vaccination -- it only take three shots to protect yourself and loved ones for a lifetime.
Is the vaccine safe?
Yes, the hepatitis B vaccine is considered one of the safest vaccines ever made. More than one billion doses have been given throughout the world. Medical and scientific studies have shown that it is very safe and effective. The vaccine is made in a laboratory. You cannot get hepatitis B from the vaccine.
What are the vaccine's side effects?
The most common side effects are redness and soreness in the arm where the shot is given. Make sure you discuss with your doctor any allergies you may have before getting the vaccine. Ask your doctor for information about other possible side effects of the vaccine.
Where can I get the vaccine?
You can call the GlaxoSmithKline HBV Info and Assistance line, toll-free at
1-888-888-0981. Information about hepatitis B and physician referrals across the country are available in English, Mandarin, Cantonese, Korean, and Vietnamese.