乙型肝炎疫苗是在化学实验室中制成。疫苗中未使用人血，因此您不可能通过疫苗患上乙型肝炎。美国有两种品牌的疫苗 ﹕Recombivax HB® (Merck)和Engerix B® (SmithKline Beecham)。尽管两种疫苗几乎完全相同，医生可能采用不同的品牌。两种疫苗均将保护您不被感染乙型肝炎病毒。
一般说来，乙型肝炎疫苗系列包括在六个月期间，分别进行三次注射。成人在胳膊上接受注射，而婴儿在腿部接受注射。在注 射首剂疫苗后，您将在数周之内获得某些保护。因此，开始接受注射永远不迟。完成整个系列的疫苗注射非常重要。注射疫苗可在您的医生诊所或当地的健康诊所进 行。
所有新生婴儿均应当获得疫苗注射，如其母亲为亚裔或知道自己患有乙型肝炎则更为重要。 十八岁以下的所有儿童亦应当获得疫苗注射。大多数州现在均要求入学者接受乙型肝炎疫苗注射。许多大学也要求其学生接受疫苗注射。虽然每个人都具有风险，某 些人的风险较高。这包括所有亚裔儿童和成人。乙型肝炎可通过疫苗注射而轻而易举地预防—仅需接受三次注射，即可为您和家人提供终生保护。
Hepatitis B Vaccination
What is the hepatitis B vaccine?
The hepatitis B vaccine is made in a chemistry lab. No human blood is used in the vaccine, so you cannot get hepatitis B from the vaccine.
There are two brands of vaccine in the United States: Recombivax HB (Merck) and Engerix B(GlaxoSmithKline). Although the vaccines are almost identical, doctors may order different brands. Both vaccines will protect you against the hepatitis B virus.
How is the vaccine given?
In general, the hepatitis B vaccine series includes three shots that are given over a six month period. Adults receive shots in their arm, and babies in their leg. After the first dose of vaccine, you will start getting some protection within several weeks. So it's never too late to start. It is very important to complete the entire series of the vaccine. The vaccine can be given in your doctor's office or a local health clinic.
Who should be vaccinated?
All newborn babies should be vaccinated, especially if the mother is of Asian descent or if a woman knows she has hepatitis B. All children up to age 18 years should be vaccinated as well. Most states now require the hepatitis B vaccine for school entry. Many colleges are requiring the vaccine for its students. Although everyone is at some risk, there are some who are at higher risks. This includes all children and adults of Asian descent. Hepatitis B can be easily prevented through vaccination -- it only take three shots to protect yourself and loved ones for a lifetime.
Is the vaccine safe?
Yes, the hepatitis B vaccine is considered one of the safest vaccines ever made. More than one billion doses have been given throughout the world. Medical and scientific studies have shown that it is very safe and effective. The vaccine is made in a laboratory. You cannot get hepatitis B from the vaccine.
What are the vaccine's side effects?
The most common side effects are redness and soreness in the arm where the shot is given. Make sure you discuss with your doctor any allergies you may have before getting the vaccine. Ask your doctor for information about other possible side effects of the vaccine.
Where can I get the vaccine?
You can call the GlaxoSmithKline HBV Info and Assistance line, toll-free at 1-888-888-0981. Information about hepatitis B and physician referrals across the country are available in English, Mandarin, Cantonese, Korean, and Vietnamese.