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8. What is and what causes cirrhosis of the liver?

What cirrhosis is, characteristically, if you looked at a cirrhotic liver there is widespread fibrosis and nodule formation. The reason it looks so nodular is that of the liver cells trying to overcome the scar tissue. So they wind up with these little nodules because there’s scarring all around and the liver cells are trying to regenerate and grow out of this and at the point where they really can’t do this, that is cirrhosis of the liver you can see there’s only a few liver cells and a lot of scar tissue. The whole liver looks like that and then you get that gross appearance of that nodular situation. Once people have cirrhosis of the liver they develop liver cancer. The presence of the virus and the cirrhosis predispose to liver cancer.